Backend Developer - basics and guide for backend development
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Backend Developer – basics for backend development

What is Backend Development?

Backend Development refers to the server-side of all web applications. It constitutes all behind-the-scenes activities that occur when performing any action through the client-side on a website. It focuses on tasks such as database management, scripting, and website architecture.

The most common example of backend programming can be observed even while reading this article/blog, the fonts, colors, designs, frameworks, etc. constitute the frontend of this page. While the content of this article is being processed and rendered simultaneously from a server.

What does a backend developer has to do?

A backend developer is responsible for the server-side application logic and integration of the work that the frontend developers do. So backend developers are the ones that usually write web services and APIs.

A framework is a platform, is the basis for developing any application and software. It also provides the tools and solutions to create a program with the required functionality. As a result, the frameworks have predefined classes and functions for data processing, hardware management, and software interactions.

Various frameworks are available to build for these functions and tasks, for example:-

  1. Django
  2. Express
  3. Spring
  4. Ruby on Rails
  5. Laravel

Responsibilites to consider:-

  • Integration of user-interfacing elements developed by frontend developers with proper server side logic.
  • Implementing data protection and security.
  • Designing and implementation of data storage solutions.
  • Building reusable codes and libraries for future repetitive tasks.

Skills necessary for a backend developer

The backend is generally the combination of database, logic, and software written in a server-side language, which runs on web servers, cloud-based servers, or a hybrid of both depending on its architecture.

But for the crosstalk between backend and frontend, it is necessary that a backend developer also has basic knowledge of how the frontend works and how do the inputs and data handed to the backend side with the help of APIs.

Qualifications for a backend developer

  1. Good understanding of frontend platforms such as HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript.
  2. Good understanding of server-side CSS preprocessors, such as LESS and SASS.
  3. User authentication, accessibility, security compliance and authorization between multiple systems, servers, and enviornments.
  4. Management of hosting enviornments, including database administration, and scaling of applications.
  5. Integration of multiple databases and sources into one system.
  6. Data migration, transformation, and scripting.
  7. Proficient knowledge of a backend programming languages like- Java, Python, Ruby, .NET, php, C++, JavaScrpit, etc.
  8. Adept knowledge in database management with SQL and NoSQL systems.

Career Goals to pursue further

A Lead Software Development Engineer is one such career path that conveys you to the destination of Software Architect.

A Lead Software Development Engineer has the role of design planning, spearheading a development management team, engaging clients, risk calculation, and engaging with clients. This will gravitate towards career options such as an IT Director, Cheif Technology Officer (CTO), Cheif Information Officer (CIO), and a Cheif Operations Officer (COO).

Moreover, with your managerial and other soft skills, a rewarding career will bear fruit and gratify you with an exciting career path.


There are various options out there to learn all this for free and even many boot camps serve the purpose of inculcating an interest to learn to code. Paid courses are also available whose certificates are now considered essential for upskilling in various sectors. The best educational paths are dependent on your needs, seek and customize from the vast majority of topics to your learning program and complete it in a shorter period of time.

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