IC engine vehicles Vs Electric vehicles

IC engine vehicles Vs Electric vehicles

There are various vehicles we use in day-to-day life but, we never try to understand difference between them. Now as Electric Vehicle becoming popular day by day people started to discuss about it. But, how many of us use Electric vehicles? the number is less than 1% around the world. So, which type of vehicles most part of world uses, answer to this question is IC Engine Vehicles.

Basically, in this particular decade there are two kinds of vehicles mostly used for any kind of purpose. First is IC Engine Vehicle and another one is Electric Vehicle. Every kind of vehicle has their own pros and cons depending upon various parameters we consider.

IC Engine Vehicles

IC Engine Vehicle is the vehicle powered by IC engine which uses fuel, when it burns in combustion chamber with help of oxidizer. Which literally means it gets power from burning fuel.

Electric Vehicle

An Electric Vehicle (EV) is one that operates on an electric motor, instead of an internal-combustion engine. In this type of vehicle power required is provided by motor and battery acts as resource which going to store energy required to generate enough power for motor.

Now a days Electric Vehicles popularity increasing day by day reason behind this very simple i.e., Global Warming. IC Engine Vehicle uses fuel as combustor due to which pollution happens which ultimately leads to global warming but in case of electric vehicle such things will never happen.

Factors which Make Electric vehicles special

1) Regenerative Braking:  A system used in EVs (and hybrid-powered cars) that recovers energy otherwise lost during deceleration and braking and sends it back to the battery pack to help maintain a charge. Some EVs, like the Chevrolet Bolt EV and Nissan Leaf, can maximize the regenerative braking effect to slow down – and even bring the vehicle to a stop – without using the brakes. This is commonly called “one-pedal” driving.

2) Kilowatts (kW): Kilowatt or kW is a lot like the measurement of power generated by the electric motor, much like bhp or PS in an ICE (internal combustion engine). One Kilowatt is roughly equal to 1.34 horsepower. Most EV specifications will denote its power in kW but for a simpler understanding, a lot of manufacturers will use PS. If it is mentioned as kW, simply multiply the kW metric by 1.3-1.5 in your head and you have an estimate of how powerful the car will feel. For instance, a 100-kW motor would have about 140 hp.

3.) State of Charge: Also known by the acronym SOC, it refers to the meter on an EV’s instrument panel that displays the current battery level as a percentage.

4) Kilowatt Hour (kWh): Most EV specification sheets will mention the range of the vehicle but Kilowatt Hour (kWh) is another way of estimating it quickly. Kilowatt per hour is equivalent to battery size and capacity. A kWh pretty much describes how long will the battery pack last before running out, much like a fuel tank capacity. Bigger the kWh, bigger will be the range.

5) AMP: Short for ampere, this is a unit of electricity that refers to the steady current produced by one volt applied across a resistance of one ohm.

6) The other kW: Earlier we mentioned the Kilowatt or kW is simply the power generated by the electric motor, but this measurement is also used for an electric car’s charging rate. A spec sheet will clearly specify when kW is begin used for the charging rate.

In this context, kW describes the rate at which you can charge the battery over the course of one hour. For instance, a 10kW charger will add 10 kilowatt-hours to your battery in one hour. The specification sheet for Kona EV mentions a 0-80% charge @ 50 kW – with 50 kW signifying the rate of charging against which is mentioned the time to charge 80% of the battery (in Kona’s case – 57 minutes).

Reasons to Prefer Electric vehicles over IC engine Vehicles

IC Engine (ICE)Vehicles Electric Vehicles (EV)
Powertrain: IC enginePowertrain: Motor (+ Engine)
High specific energy of fuelLow specific energy of battery
Power density: HighPower density: Low
Emits greenhouse gasesNo tailpipe emissions
Travels > 300 miles / fillTravels < 100 miles / charge
Short refilling time (< 5 min.)Long charging time (0.5-8 hr.)
Fuel tank takes less spaceBattery takes large space
Fuel weight is very lessBatteries are very heavy
Higher maintenance costsLesser maintenance costs
Braking energy not recoveredCan recover braking energy
Running cost: highRunning cost: low
Engine efficiency: ~ 30%Motor efficiency: ~ 80%
Needs complex gear systemNeeds only one gear
Noisy operationQuiet operation
Ample refilling infrastructureLacks charging infrastructure
Need to pick up some speedProduce maximum torque
Uses only hydrocarbonsUses electricity from many

Current Market Share

Currently market share of electric vehicle is very less. There are various reasons for these. Mostly because it is a new technology and due to less charging stations of electric vehicles batteries. But, if we look at current market share of electric vehicle to that of 2012 we can clearly say that people’s demand for EV is increasing day by day.

Future of EV over IC Engine vehicle

EV market is increasing very rapidly. Every developed country trying to minimize their carbon emission so they have set 2050 as a target to achieve this goal. Mostly countries like USA, European Union, China Are ahead in the race of EV’s. Currently India is far behind in this race. India still don’t have infrastructure required for EV like charging stations, Battery stations.

Companies like Tesla revolutionize the battery technology due to which range of EV is also increased and day by day newer techniques are find out by manufactures due to which in future EV may become less costly as well as affordable for everyone. There are various companies which used to manufacture ICE vehicles now also investing lot of their money in EV’s. the reason is simple because future is EV. Companies like TATA, Tesla, Nissan, Kiv motors, Arthur are the names of some EV manufactures in India as well as in Global Market.

Elon Musk

He is one of the richest persons in the world right now and a revolutionist in EV industry. He is a businessman, Entrepreneur, industrialist. For common people’s understanding everyone knows about Tesla, He is owner of that company. He is the one due to which there is lot of development in battery technology happened. Today We are able to afford cheaper electric four vehicle just because of hard work done by his company. He is the one who estimated that EV will going to be future. Today we can clearly see that everything which he mentioned about EV in past is right.

Ratan Tata

We all know him as the chairman of tata groups. But most of the time we ignore the work done by this family for our country. Tata group is the reason why industrialization in India happened and tata is one of the most trusted brands all over the world for their products. Many people in India still don’t know that Tata can do the thing in India which Elon Musk did in Western Countries in future. We all know negotiation between Tesla and Indian government failed due to which Tesla will not going to come in India Due to which everyone in world thought that future of EV industry is very tough. But at the same time Tata group take this challenge as opportunity and recently they announced that they will going to produce “Tata avinya” the first Electric Vehicle with advanced battery technology before 2025.it will be very interesting to see how this will work. Also, Indian government with help of tata and ISRO take good initiatives to create good battery technology Within India. Hope this challenge will turn as big opportunity for India.

Challenge for EV industry In India

  • Absence of good Infrastructure to support EV industry.
  • Fast transportation is not possible in India as road network is not that much developed in India as compared to that of western countries.
  • Elements which are used in battery like lithium, nickel are not found in abundant quantity in India so this is also concerning factor while manufacturing EV batteries.
  • Most important thing is there are not enough battery charging stations for EV’s in India not even in meter cities.

Really EV is future and better than ICE vehicles?

Future of EV and advantages of EV over ICE vehicles is very commonly discussed as we talk about Global warming and reducing Carbon combustion. But what if EV’s also has some Disadvantages as every new technology has its own pros and its own cons.

Disadvantages of EV:

  • Their batteries need rare metals
  • Making electric cars creates more emissions
  • They are only as green as their power sources
  • Electric cars can be expensive to buy
  • You can’t drive as far in an electric car
  • There aren’t enough charging points

Every new technology has its own challenges and to overcome it time is required as EV still is a new concept Even to come up to this point lot of efforts been made so that ICE vehicles can be replaced by better alternatives.so hope for best and wish everyone support Go green initiative so the Global warming can be stopped.

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